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DEFINITIONS IN AVIATION ART 


THE LIMITED EDITION PRINT  (L/E)

A run of identical prints, limited to a given number of copies. For example, a limited edition run of 500, produces only five hundred identical prints, which are then signed by the artist and individually numbered, i.e. 10/450 would be the tenth print of an edition run limited to four hundred and fifty copies. Collectair Limited Edition prints are fine art quality reproductions of the artist's original oil painting and are published in a single limited edition, numbered and stamped with the Collectair seal then individually signed by Piotr Górka. A numbered and signed certificate issued with every print guarantees the total edition run and authenticity. The prints are unmounted and sent to you securely in strong postal tubes.


ARTIST'S PROOFS  (A/P)

A limited run of 300 prints may also include an additional 5 to 15%  of artist’s proofs (300 + 35 A/P), which are part of the production run. Usually, from the 500 to 600 prints produced, only 330 are “chosen” and signed by the artist, who supervises the destruction of the rejected prints. The artist signs and marks 30 A/P for his own personal collection and may offer some for sale to collectors.


SIGNED BY THE ARIST AND NUMBERED (S/N) 

By signing each Fine Art Edition print the artist certifies his inspection and approval, and then prints are numbered.


PUBLISHER'S PROOF (P/P)

Publisher’s Proof is similar to an artist's proof, however it is more common for a publisher's proof to be issued with additional signatures, and /or companion prints. This is not universal, as many P/Ps are no different from an A/P or L/E except for serial numbers.


REMARQUED EDITION PRINT (R/E)

This term applies to an original pencil sketch drawn by the artist in the print margin, which generally relates to the subject matter and greatly enhances the value of the print. Each sketch is an original additionally singed by the artist and often dated. These are especially prized by collectors for their personal touch and are extremely rare.

 

FINE ART GICLEE PRINT

A Fine Art Giclée print is an Edition reproduced on archival quality paper using giclée printing.


GICLEE

Giclée is  a  French word meaning,  "spraying of pigments"

(pronounced "zhee-clay"). Giclée prints are produced on bubble jet printers, which are technologically advanced of, normal home computer versions, achieving superior image quality compared with lithographs. Giclées are most commonly printed on canvas, or water colour paper.

 

OPEN EDITION:

Open editions can be printed in any quantity as required and are often not signed by the artist.


EDITION SIZE

The edition size is the number of reproductions in any given print release. Two numbers are written onto a Fine Art Edition print, for example: 157/250. The number above (157) is the number of the individual print. The number below (250) is the total of reproductions in the edition.


OFFSET LITHOGRAPHY 

Offset lithography is a photomechanical or digital printing technique that transfers an image from metal or paper plates onto rubber rollers (called printing blankets), then onto paper or canvas. Inks, archival paper and canvases are specified by the artist in order to achieve the true colours of the original artwork.


CANVAS TRANSFER

An old technology, canvas transfer was for many years the most widely used method of re-producing original paintings on canvas. A paper print is used in the transfer of inks onto canvas. Although inexpensive, the disadvantages of this process results in fading, cracking and peeling colours and general premature deterioration. Also the size of the canvas transfer has to remain the same size as the original, and made by the artist are more noticeable compared with those made to Giclée prints.


COMPANION PRINT

A companion print is an additional complementary print, usually of smaller dimensions, issued with a limited edition.


ORIGINAL DRAWING

An original drawing is a unique original work of art drawn in pencil, ink, or other medium, and personally signed by the artist.


CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY

A certificate issued by the publisher stating the total quantity of prints in an edition, confirming the authenticity of signatures. Limited edition prints have certificates, inscribed with the matching unique number of individual prints. Collectors are advised to keep certificates safe for future proof of provenance.


ACID - FREE PAPER

Almost all the paper used to publish fine aviation art prints is neutralised of its natural acidity, to protect prints from discoloration and deterioration.


CARE AND PROTECTION OF FINE ART PRINTS

Limited edition prints of artwork by leading artists usually retain their original value, which can increase in time, so it is vital to take appropriate care of them.

 

Quality art deserves the best materials when it comes to reproduction, which is why our artists' publishers use heavyweight fine art quality acid-free paper for their lithographs. Costing almost twice as much as most other papers used for limited edition printing, this superb quality paper enables the finest possible standards ofreproduction.

 

Take care when handling prints to avoid bending, kinking, or marking the paper, before having it professionally framed by a qualified picture framer. The use of acid free or conservation materials is recommended when framing prints. Avoid hanging your artwork under bright lights or in direct sunlight.

 

 

 

 

 

 


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POLISH MILITARY AWARDS

  

VIRTUTI MILITARY  (VM)

Initiated in 1792, The Order of Virtuti Military (Latin for 'Military Virtue'is the highest Polish military award and the oldest military order in the world. This little silver, golden, or dark-enamelled cross, with the simple words 'VIRTUTI MILITARI' is awarded by the Chapter of the Virtuti Militari Order in recognition of outstanding deeds in combat.


CROSS OF VALOR, KRZYZ WALECZNYCH (KW)

Initiated in 1920, Awarded for outstanding acts of Military Valour, can be awarded on several occasions. Awarded for actions in the 1863 uprising, WW I and the Polish-Soviet War 1918-1921.  Re-instated in 1940 by the Polish Government in Exile and in 1943 by the People's Republic of Poland (PRL) and again in 1990 by the Third Polish Republic (III RP) is now awarded mainly to Polish UN peace keepers. 


Piotr Górka © 2007